Through in-depth analysis of the background and connotation of carbon peaking and carbon neutral development goals, this paper constructs a comprehensive evaluation system of carbon neutral development goals from five secondary indicators of innovation, coordination, green, open and shared development and 15 tertiary indicators. By collecting characteristic indicator data of 10 typical provinces in China in the period of 2016–2020, using the entropy weight method, the analytic hierarchy process and the TOPSIS model, to provide research and a comprehensive analysis on the carbon neutral development level of each province. The research results show that: in terms of time series distribution, it can be observed from the index trends of five secondary indicators’ closeness and comprehensive closeness that the development of the 10 typical provinces screened in this paper is generally in a rising trend year by year, but there are different development differences in a small part of the regions. In terms of spatial distribution, due to the geographical location of various regions and resource allocation and other factors, the economic development is unbalanced. With the rapid development of the digital economy, the investment in 5G, big data technology and artificial intelligence can be increased to achieve the development goal of carbon neutrality. Cloud computing can be used to predict the development trend, provide a guarantee for quantitative tracking of carbon neutrality, and monitor and optimize carbon emissions. Based on the research results, this paper draws the corresponding conclusions and puts forward constructive suggestions to achieve the goal of carbon neutral development.
- carbon neutralization
- carbon peak
- comprehensive evaluation index system
- digital economy