A fundus image dataset for intelligent retinopathy of prematurity system

Xinyu Zhao, Shaobin Chen, Sifan Zhang, Yaling Liu, Yarou Hu, Duo Yuan, Liqiong Xie, Xiayuan Luo, Mianying Zheng, Ruyin Tian, Yi Chen, Tao Tan, Zhen Yu, Yue Sun, Zhenquan Wu, Guoming Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Image-based artificial intelligence (AI) systems stand as the major modality for evaluating ophthalmic conditions. However, most of the currently available AI systems are designed for experimental research using single-central datasets. Most of them fell short of application in real-world clinical settings. In this study, we collected a dataset of 1,099 fundus images in both normal and pathologic eyes from 483 premature infants for intelligent retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) system development and validation. Dataset diversity was visualized with a spatial scatter plot. Image classification was conducted by three annotators. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the largest fundus datasets on ROP, and we believe it is conducive to the real-world application of AI systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number543
JournalScientific data
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024


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