A novel solid nanocrystals self-stabilized pickering emulsion prepared by spray-drying with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin as carriers

Jifen Zhang, Yanhua Wang, Jirui Wang, Tao Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A drug nanocrystals self-stabilized Pickering emulsion (NSSPE) with a unique composition and microstructure has been proven to significantly increase the bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. This study aimed to develop a new solid NSSPE of puerarin preserving the original mi-crostructure of NSSPE by spray-drying. A series of water-soluble solid carriers were compared and then Box-Behnken design was used to optimize the parameters of spray-drying. The drug release and stability of the optimized solid NSSPE in vitro were also investigated. The results showed that hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD), rather than solid carriers commonly used in solidification of traditional Pickering emulsions, was suitable for the solid NSSPE to retain the original appearance and size of emulsion droplets after reconstitution. The amount of HP-β-CD had more influences on the solid NSSPE than the feed rate and the inlet air temperature. Fluorescence microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy showed that the reconstituted emulsion of the solid NSSPE prepared with HP-β-CD had the same core-shell structure with a core of oil and a shell of puerarin nanocrystals as the liquid NSSPE. The particle size of puerarin nanocrystal sand interfacial adsorption rate also did not change significantly. The cumulative amount of released puerarin from the solid NSSPE had no significant difference compared with the liquid NSSPE, which were both significantly higher than that of puerarin crude material. The solid NSSPE was stable for 3 months under the accelerated condition of 75% relative humidity and 40C. Thus, it is possible todevelop the solid NSSPE preserving the unique microstructure and the superior properties in vitro of the liquid NSSPE for poorly soluble drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1809
JournalMolecules
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin
  • Nanocrystals
  • Pickering emulsions
  • Poorly soluble drugs
  • Puerarin
  • Solid dosage form
  • Spray-drying

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