Adaptive NGMA Scheme for IoT Networks: A Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach

Yixuan Zou, Wenqiang Yi, Xiaodong Xu, Yue Liu, Kok Keong Chai, Yuanwei Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


An adaptive next generation multiple access (NGMA) downlink scheme is provided, where non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and space division multiple access (SDMA) users are served with the same orthogonal time and frequency resource to address the energy constraints and massive connectivity issues of Internet-of-Things networks. Based on this scheme, the long-term power-constrained sum rate maximization problem is investigated, where beamforming, power allocation, and user clustering are jointly optimized, subject to a long-term total power constraint. To solve the formulated problem, a spatial correlation-based user clustering approach is proposed and a resource allocation algorithm is designed based on the trust region policy optimization (TRPO) algorithm, which demonstrates stable convergence under large learning rates. Numerical results verify that the sum rate of the proposed NGMA scheme outperforms the conventional NOMA and SDMA schemes. Moreover, the spatial correlation-based clustering algorithm achieves an increasing sum rate gain compared to the channel correlation-based baseline algorithm as the spatial correlation in the channel model increases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICC 2023 - IEEE International Conference on Communications
Subtitle of host publicationSustainable Communications for Renaissance
EditorsMichele Zorzi, Meixia Tao, Walid Saad
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538674628
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2023 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 28 May 20231 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2023


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