Allosteric inhibition of myosin by phenamacril: a synergistic mechanism revealed by computational and experimental approaches

Yiqiong Bao, Yan Xu, Fangying Jia, Mengrong Li, Ran Xu, Feng Zhang, Jingjing Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Myosin plays a crucial role in cellular processes, while its dysfunction can lead to organismal malfunction. Phenamacril (PHA), a highly species-specific and non-competitive inhibitor of myosin I (FgMyoI) from Fusarium graminearum, has been identified as an effective fungicide for controlling plant diseases caused by partial Fusarium pathogens, such as wheat scab and rice bakanae. However, the molecular basis of its action is still unclear. Results: This study used multiple computational approaches first to elucidate the allosteric inhibition mechanism of FgMyoI by PHA at the atomistic level. The results indicated the increase of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binding affinity upon PHA binding, which might impede the release of hydrolysis products. Furthermore, simulations revealed a broadened outer cleft and a significantly more flexible interface for actin binding, accompanied by a decrease in signaling transduction from the catalytic center to the actin-binding interface. These various effects might work together to disrupt the actomyosin cycle and hinder the ability of motor to generate force. Our experimental results further confirmed that PHA reduces the enzymatic activity of myosin and its binding with actin. Conclusion: Therefore, our findings demonstrated that PHA might suppress the function of myosin through a synergistic mechanism, providing new insights into myosin allostery and offering new avenues for drug/fungicide discovery targeting myosin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4977-4989
Number of pages13
JournalPest Management Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Gaussian accelerated molecular dynamics simulations
  • allostery inhibition
  • catalytic activity
  • myosin
  • protein–protein interactions
  • signal transduction
  • synergistic effect


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