Bibliometric analysis of research on ChatGPT: using VOSviewer

Qian Tian, Wenlu Yi, Pengfei Wang, Xiaoshu Xu, Yunfeng Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


ChatGPT, a generative large-scale language model released by OpenAI, is referred to as a technology revolution as significant as the invention of the internet. Considering that ChatGPT has an essential impact on translation, coding, academic writing, etc., this study used bibliometric analysis to provide an overview of research on ChatGPT. A comprehensive review of the Web of Science (WOS) Core Collection related to ChatGPT was carried out. Using VOSviewer (version 1.6.19), the research analyzed co-occurrence and co-citation of keywords and research networks as well (e.g., countries and institutions). Altogether, a total of 206 papers (from 2020-2023) were retrieved from WOS for review. Through the keyword clustering analysis, it was found that Cluster 1 contained seven keywords, among which, "Chatbots"was one of the main keywords in this cluster and had close connections with other clusters. As for the national collaboration networks, most of the collaborative relationships involved the United States, China, and Australia. Regarding institutional cooperation related to ChatGPT, China held three out of the top five positions based on the total link strength, suggesting a high level of importance given to ChatGPT in China. The research provides guidance and inspiration for applications of ChatGPT in the education sector.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ICETM 2023 - 6th International Conference on Educational Technology Management
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9798400716676
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2023
Event6th International Conference on Educational Technology Management, ICETM 2023 - Guangzhou, China
Duration: 3 Nov 20235 Nov 2023

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference6th International Conference on Educational Technology Management, ICETM 2023


  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Chatbot
  • ChatGPT
  • Literature review
  • Network analysis
  • VOS viewer


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