DisAsymNet: Disentanglement of Asymmetrical Abnormality on Bilateral Mammograms Using Self-adversarial Learning

Xin Wang, Tao Tan, Yuan Gao, Luyi Han, Tianyu Zhang, Chunyao Lu, Regina Beets-Tan, Ruisheng Su, Ritse Mann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Asymmetry is a crucial characteristic of bilateral mammograms (Bi-MG) when abnormalities are developing. It is widely utilized by radiologists for diagnosis. The question of “what the symmetrical Bi-MG would look like when the asymmetrical abnormalities have been removed ?” has not yet received strong attention in the development of algorithms on mammograms. Addressing this question could provide valuable insights into mammographic anatomy and aid in diagnostic interpretation. Hence, we propose a novel framework, DisAsymNet, which utilizes asymmetrical abnormality transformer guided self-adversarial learning for disentangling abnormalities and symmetric Bi-MG. At the same time, our proposed method is partially guided by randomly synthesized abnormalities. We conduct experiments on three public and one in-house dataset, and demonstrate that our method outperforms existing methods in abnormality classification, segmentation, and localization tasks. Additionally, reconstructed normal mammograms can provide insights toward better interpretable visual cues for clinical diagnosis. The code will be accessible to the public.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2023 - 26th International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsHayit Greenspan, Hayit Greenspan, Anant Madabhushi, Parvin Mousavi, Septimiu Salcudean, James Duncan, Tanveer Syeda-Mahmood, Russell Taylor
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages57-67
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9783031439896
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event26th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2023 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 8 Oct 202312 Oct 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume14226 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference26th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2023
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVancouver
Period8/10/2312/10/23

Keywords

  • Asymmetric transformer
  • Bilateral mammogram
  • Disentanglement
  • Self-adversarial learning
  • Synthesis

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