Factors influencing depression in community-dwelling elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee in China: a cross-sectional study

Xiaoyan Zheng, Yaya Wang, Xiaoyan Jin, Hongjie Huang, Hongbo Chen, Yan Wang, Shaomei Shang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) and depression are both major health issues influencing the quality of elderly life. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of depression and the factors influencing depression in community-dwelling elderly patients with OA of the knee in China. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study. The study included 214 participants aged 60 and older diagnosed with OA of the knee. The depression of the elderly was measured by using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire, the GDS, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the society dimension of Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales 2 (AIMS2). In addition, the participants performed a timed up and go test (TUG) and the stair-climb test (SCT). Results: The average age of the participants was 69.2 ± 7.63 years old, their body mass index (BMI) was 25.2 ± 3.85, and their disease duration was 5.9 ± 7.72 years. The mean total score of the GDS was 4.43 ± 2.89, and the GDS scores correlated positively with pain (r = 0.45, P < 0.001), stiffness (r = 0.40, P < 0.001), physical function (r = 0.52, P < 0.001),TUG (r = 0.35, P < 0.001), and SCT (r = 0.47, P < 0.001) and negatively with social support (r = − 0.35, P < 0.001).Analysis using multiple regression demonstrated that physical function, social support, and SCT explained 36.8% of the variance in depression. Conclusions: Our findings suggested that physical function, social support, and lower extremity strength were predictors of depressive symptoms in community-dwelling elderly people with OA of the knee. Focusing on this elderly group with increasing functional exercise, positive social interaction and support, and lower limb muscle strength training should help in the prevention of depression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number453
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Community
  • Depression
  • Elderly
  • Influencing factors
  • Osteoarthritis of the knee

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