Faster Intra-Prediction of Versatile Video Coding Using a Concatenate-Designed CNN via DCT Coefficients

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As the next generation video coding standard, Versatile Video Coding (VVC) significantly improves coding efficiency over the current High-Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard. In practice, this improvement comes at the cost of increased pre-processing complexity. This increased complexity faces the challenge of implementing VVC for time-consuming encoding. This work presents a technique to simplify VVC intra-prediction using Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) feature analysis and a concatenate-designed CNN. The coefficients of the (DTC-)transformed CUs reflect the complexity of the original texture, and the proposed CNN employs multiple classifiers to predict whether they should be split. This approach can determine whether to split Coding Units (CUs) of different sizes according to the Versatile Video Coding (VVC) standard. This helps to simplify the intra-prediction process. The experimental results indicate that our approach can reduce the encoding time by 52.77% with a minimal increase of 1.48%. We use the Bjøntegaard Delta Bit Rate (BDBR) compared to the original algorithm, demonstrating a competitive result with other state-of-the-art methods in terms of coding efficiency with video quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2214
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • discrete cosine transform (DCT) concatenate-designed CNN
  • high-efficiency video coding (HEVC)
  • versatile video coding (VVC)


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