Harnessing artificial intelligence for prostate cancer management

Lingxuan Zhu, Jiahua Pan, Weiming Mou, Longxin Deng, Yinjie Zhu, Yanqing Wang, Gyan Pareek, Elias Hyams, Benedito A. Carneiro, Matthew J. Hadfield, Wafik S. El-Deiry, Tao Yang, Tao Tan, Tong Tong, Na Ta, Yan Zhu, Yisha Gao, Yancheng Lai, Liang Cheng, Rui ChenWei Xue

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Prostate cancer (PCa) is a common malignancy in males. The pathology review of PCa is crucial for clinical decision-making, but traditional pathology review is labor intensive and subjective to some extent. Digital pathology and whole-slide imaging enable the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in pathology. This review highlights the success of AI in detecting and grading PCa, predicting patient outcomes, and identifying molecular subtypes. We propose that AI-based methods could collaborate with pathologists to reduce workload and assist clinicians in formulating treatment recommendations. We also introduce the general process and challenges in developing AI pathology models for PCa. Importantly, we summarize publicly available datasets and open-source codes to facilitate the utilization of existing data and the comparison of the performance of different models to improve future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101506
JournalCell Reports Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2024


  • artificial intelligence
  • machine learning
  • pathology
  • prostate cancer
  • whole-slide image


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