Hybrid Motion Model for Multiple Object Tracking in Mobile Devices

Yubin Wu, Hao Sheng, Yang Zhang, Shuai Wang, Zhang Xiong, Wei Ke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


For an intelligent transportation system, multiple object tracking (MOT) is more challenging from the traditional static surveillance camera to mobile devices of the Internet of Things (IoT). To cope with this problem, previous works always rely on additional information from multivision, various sensors, or precalibration. Only based on a monocular camera, we propose a hybrid motion model to improve the tracking accuracy in mobile devices. First, the model evaluates camera motion hypotheses by measuring optical flow similarity and transition smoothness to perform robust camera trajectory estimation. Second, along the camera trajectory, smooth dynamic projection is used to map objects from image to world coordinate. Third, to deal with trajectory motion inconsistency, which is caused by occlusion and interaction of long time interval, tracklet motion is described by the multimode motion filter for adaptive modeling. Fourth, in tracklets association, we propose a spatiotemporal evaluation mechanism, which achieves higher discriminability in motion measurement. Experiments on MOT15, MOT17, and KITTI benchmarks show that our proposed method improves the trajectory accuracy, especially in mobile devices and our method achieves competitive results over other state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4735-4748
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2023


  • Hybrid motion model
  • mobile devices
  • multiple object tracking (MOT)
  • tracking by tracklet


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