Hypernetwork Based Model-Driven Channel Neural Decoding

Yuanhui Liang, Chan Tong Lam, Qingle Wu, Benjamin K. Ng, Sio Kei Im

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Channel decoding algorithms based on model-driven deep learning, also known as channel neural decoding algorithms, have received a lot of attention in recent years. However, the internal parameters and number of layers of the current channel neural decoding algorithm cannot be changed after training. Once changed, retraining of the channel neural decoding network is required. Hypernetwork is a neural network that can generate internal parameters for the main neural network to reduce the training cost of the main neural network and improve the flexibility of the main neural network. In this study, a novel hypernetwork based channel neural decoder is proposed for neural belief propagation algorithms (NBP), including the neural normalized min-sum (NNMS) and neural offset min-sum (NOMS) algorithms. According to the type of information interaction between the hypernetwork and the main decoding network, hypernetwork-based channel neural decoders can be divided into two types: static and dynamic. The internal parameters of the static hypernetwork-based channel neural decoder can be updated as needed without retraining of the main network. In addition to this benefit, the number of layers of the dynamic hypernetwork-based channel neural decoder can also be adjusted. Experimental results show that, compared with the existing NNMS decoding algorithms, the proposed hypernetwork-based NNMS decoding algorithms can achieve better performance on both low-density parity-check (LDPC) and Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) codes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10530040
Pages (from-to)73228-73237
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • BCH codes
  • LDPC codes
  • Model-driven
  • channel neural decoding
  • hypernetwork


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