Identification of New Cocrystal Systems with Stoichiometric Diversity of Salicylic Acid Using Thermal Methods

Zhengzheng Zhou, Hok Man Chan, Herman H.Y. Sung, Henry H.Y. Tong, Ying Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this work was to develop thermal methods to identify cocrystal systems with stoichiometric diversity. Methods: Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and hot stage microscopy (HSM) have been applied to study the stoichiometric diversity phenomenon on cocrystal systems of the model compound salicylic acid (SA) with different coformers (CCFs). The DSC method was particularly useful in the identification of cocrystal re-crystallization, especially to improve the temperature resolution using a slower heating rate. HSM was implemented as a complementary protocol to confirm the DSC results. The crystal structures were elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SXRD). Results: Two new cocrystal systems consisting of salicylic acid-benzamide (SA-BZD, 1:1, 1:2) and salicylic acid-isonicotinamide (SA-ISN, 1:1, 2:1) have been identified in the present work. The chemical structures of the newly discovered cocrystals SA-BZD (1:2) and SA-ISN (2:1) have been elucidated using X-ray single crystal and powder diffraction methods. Conclusions: The developed thermal methods could rapidly identify cocrystal systems with stoichiometric diversity, with the potential to discover new pharmaceutical cocrystals in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1030-1039
Number of pages10
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016


  • cocrystal
  • differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
  • hot stage microscopy (HSM)
  • salicylic acid (SA)
  • stoichiometry
  • thermal


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