Language learning strategies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter introduces the historical development of L2 learning strategies. I first reviewed the assessment of language learning strategies by summarizing survey instruments developed by SLA researchers and educational practitioners over the years. Next, I reviewed research findings that shed light on individual differences in strategy use and the factors that result in individual differences in strategy choice and L2 learning performance. These findings highlight the effectiveness of strategy-based instruction on L2 learning. The chapter concludes by highlighting the remaining challenges for instruction and pedagogy related to language learning strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCognitive Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition
Subtitle of host publicationTheories, Assessment and Pedagogy
Publisherde Gruyter
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781614514749
ISBN (Print)9781614516767
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Assessment of strategies
  • Cognitive strategies
  • Individual differences in strategy choice
  • Language learning strategies
  • Strategy-based instruction


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