Ligand induced change of β2 adrenergic receptor from active to inactive conformation and its implication for the closed/open state of the water channel: Insight from molecular dynamics simulation, free energy calculation and Markov state model analysis

Qifeng Bai, Horacio Pérez-Sánchez, Yang Zhang, Yonghua Shao, Danfeng Shi, Huanxiang Liu, Xiaojun Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reported crystal structures of β2 adrenergic receptor (β2AR) reveal that the open and closed states of the water channel are correlated with the inactive and active conformations of β2AR. However, more details about the process by which the water channel states are affected by the active to inactive conformational change of β2AR remain illusive. In this work, molecular dynamics simulations are performed to study the dynamical inactive and active conformational change of β2AR induced by inverse agonist ICI 118,551. Markov state model analysis and free energy calculation are employed to explore the open and close states of the water channel. The simulation results show that inverse agonist ICI 118,551 can induce water channel opening during the conformational transition of β2AR. Markov state model (MSM) analysis proves that the energy contour can be divided into seven states. States S1, S2 and S5, which represent the active conformation of β2AR, show that the water channel is in the closed state, while states S4 and S6, which correspond to the intermediate state conformation of β2AR, indicate the water channel opens gradually. State S7, which represents the inactive structure of β2AR, corresponds to the full open state of the water channel. The opening mechanism of the water channel is involved in the ligand-induced conformational change of β2AR. These results can provide useful information for understanding the opening mechanism of the water channel and will be useful for the rational design of potent inverse agonists of β2AR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15874-15885
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume16
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

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