Nucleic acid testing is currently the golden reference for coronaviruses (SARS-CoV-2) detection, while the SARS-CoV-2 antigen-detection rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) is an important adjunct. RDT can be widely used in the community or regional screening management as self-test tools and may need to be verified by healthcare authorities. However, manual verification of RDT results is a time-consuming task, and existing object detection algorithms usually suffer from high model complexity and computational effort, making them difficult to deploy. We propose LightR-YOLOv5, a compact rotating SARS-CoV-2 antigen-detection RDT results detector. Firstly, we employ an extremely light-weight L-ShuffleNetV2 network as a feature extraction network with a slight reduction in recognition accuracy. Secondly, we combine semantic and texture features in different layers by judiciously combining and employing GSConv, depth-wise convolution, and other modules, and further employ the NAM attention to locate the RDT result detection region. Furthermore, we propose a new data augmentation approach, Single-Copy–Paste, for increasing data samples for the specific task of RDT result detection while achieving a small improvement in model accuracy. Compared with some mainstream rotating object detection networks, the model size of our LightR-YOLOv5 is only 2.03MB, and it is 12.6%, 6.4%, and 7.3% higher in mAP@.5:.95 metrics compared to RetianNet, FCOS, and R3Det, respectively.
- RDT detection
- Rotating object detection