Macao's gaming credit practices: 15 years after the gaming credit law

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the evolution of Macao's gaming credit practices with reference to its promulgation of the gaming credit law after its gaming liberalization. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative approach based on in-depth interviews with casino executives, government officials and gamblers to probe their perspectives on Macao's gaming credit practices was adopted due to its underresearched nature. Documentary analysis of annual reports and court files was also used. Findings: Despite the potential of increased revenue with more credit, the credit risk for gaming concessionaires remained under control, while VIP-rooms and junket operators have adopted more prudent policy and faced substantial challenge in credit collection. All these would lead to greater alignment with law-based credit practices. Research limitations/implications: Since gaming credit information was considered confidential, the author experienced difficulty in arranging the interviews, and the nonprobability sampling characterized by the selection bias might affect the findings. Practical implications: The findings have demonstrated some major credit practices such as credit charges on credit balances and terms and conditions for repayment for different credit providers in Macao. Originality/value: The different credit practices by credit providers at different levels of gaming credit have been presented in the same paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalAsian Education and Development Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2023


  • Credit practice
  • Gaming credit
  • Macao


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