Macau: a society with no political party – based on the comparison with Hong Kong

Shenghua Lou, Chunlin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This paper attempts to explain the phenomenon that Macau has a parliament (Legislative Assembly) and mass suffrage but no political parties. Design/methodology/approach: This paper reviews the development process of “parliament – mass suffrage – political party” in Hong Kong and Macau and tries to explain why Macau does not have a party using comparative research methods. Findings: The political party development of Hong Kong and Macau was influenced by both the (former) colonial power and China, and whether there were political parties in these two regions was the result of the game between China and the (former) colonial power. China hoped to limit the development of party politics in the two regions. Since Britain felt reluctant to cooperate with China, political parties in Hong Kong developed. At the same time, Portugal chose to defer to China, which led Macau not to have a political party. Originality/value: Existing studies have yet to explain why there are no political parties in Macau, and this paper is the first attempt to do so.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-338
Number of pages15
JournalAsian Education and Development Studies
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2023


  • Association
  • Hong Kong
  • Macau
  • Party
  • Political


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