Measuring Specific Traditional Chinese Values in Relation to Satisfaction of the Five Maslow Needs

Robert J. Taormina, Jennifer H. Gao, Angus C.H. Kuok

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1 Citation (Scopus)


To determine whether living according to specific traditional Chinese cultural values was associated with satisfaction of the five needs in Maslow’s motivational hierarchy and overall life satisfaction, a mixed-method approach was employed, with an empirical questionnaire and supplemental interviews. The questionnaire assessed the hypothesized relationships that traditional Chinese values had with personal life outcomes, including health, employment, satisfaction of the five needs from Maslow’s hierarchy, and life satisfaction. The interviews examined the relationships that several demographic variables had with living by traditional Chinese values. The results of the empirical data revealed that most Chinese people today are still living according to the traditional Chinese cultural values, and that living by those traditional values are strongly associated with satisfaction of all five of the human needs in the Maslow hierarchy, as well as with overall life satisfaction. Additionally, the results of the qualitative interviews readily supported the empirical findings, and also revealed that the time during which inter-generational transmission of the Chinese cultural values occurs is when parents teach those values to their children at a very early age, that is, between 3 and 8 years old, before the children start primary school.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-164
Number of pages33
JournalPsychological Thought
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Chinese
  • Maslow needs theory
  • family support
  • life satisfaction
  • traditional values


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