Mechanism of enhanced sensitivity of mutated β-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor to amitraz in honeybee Apis mellifera: An insight from MD simulations

Mengrong Li, Yiqiong Bao, Ran Xu, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Honggui La, Jingjing Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Amitraz is one of the critical acaricides/insecticides for effective control of pest infestation of Varroa destructor mite, a devastating parasite of Apis mellifera, because of its low toxicity to honeybees. Previous assays verified that a typical G protein-coupled receptor, β-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor (Octβ2R), is the unique target of amitraz, but the honeybee Octβ2R resists to amitraz. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of the enhanced sensitivity or toxicity of amitraz to mutated honeybee Octβ2RE208V/I335T/I350V is not fully understood. Here, molecular dynamics simulations are employed to explore the implied mechanism of the enhanced sensitivity to amitraz in mutant honeybee Octβ2R. RESULTS: We found that amitraz binding stabilized the structure of Octβ2R, particularly the intracellular loop 3 associated with the Octβ2R signaling. Then, it was further demonstrated that both mutations and ligand binding resulted in a more rigid and compact amitraz binding site, as well as the outward movement of the transmembrane helix 6, which was a prerequisite for G protein coupling and activation. Moreover, mutations were found to promote the binding between Octβ2R and amitraz. Finally, community analysis illuminated that mutations and amitraz strengthened the residue–residue communication within the transmembrane domain, which might facilitate the allosteric signal propagation and activation of Octβ2R. CONCLUSION: Our results unveiled structural determinants of improved sensitivity in the Octβ2R-amitraz complex and may contribute to further structure-based drug design for safer and less toxic selective insecticides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5423-5431
Number of pages9
JournalPest Management Science
Volume78
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Apis mellifera insecticides
  • allosteric regulation
  • amitraz
  • molecular dynamics simulation
  • β-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanism of enhanced sensitivity of mutated β-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor to amitraz in honeybee Apis mellifera: An insight from MD simulations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this