Multi-modal artificial intelligence for the combination of automated 3D breast ultrasound and mammograms in a population of women with predominantly dense breasts

Tao Tan, Alejandro Rodriguez-Ruiz, Tianyu Zhang, Lin Xu, Regina G.H. Beets-Tan, Yingzhao Shen, Nico Karssemeijer, Jun Xu, Ritse M. Mann, Lingyun Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the stand-alone and combined performance of artificial intelligence (AI) detection systems for digital mammography (DM) and automated 3D breast ultrasound (ABUS) in detecting breast cancer in women with dense breasts. Methods: 430 paired cases of DM and ABUS examinations from a Asian population with dense breasts were retrospectively collected. All cases were analyzed by two AI systems, one for DM exams and one for ABUS exams. A selected subset (n = 152) was read by four radiologists. The performance of AI systems was based on analysis of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The maximum Youden’s index and its associated sensitivity and specificity were also reported for each AI systems. Detection performance of human readers in the subcohort of the reader study was measured in terms of sensitivity and specificity. Results: The performance of the AI systems in a multi-modal setting was significantly better when the weights of AI-DM and AI-ABUS were 0.25 and 0.75, respectively, than each system individually in a single-modal setting (AUC-AI-Multimodal = 0.865; AUC-AI-DM = 0.832, p = 0.026; AUC-AI-ABUS = 0.841, p = 0.041). The maximum Youden’s index for AI-Multimodal was 0.707 (sensitivity = 79.4%, specificity = 91.2%). In the subcohort that underwent human reading, the panel of four readers achieved a sensitivity of 93.2% and specificity of 32.7%. AI-multimodal achieves superior or equal sensitivity as single human readers at the same specificity operating points on the ROC curve. Conclusion: Multimodal (ABUS + DM) AI systems for detecting breast cancer in women with dense breasts are a potential solution for breast screening in radiologist-scarce regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalInsights into Imaging
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Automated 3D breast ultrasound
  • Breast cancer
  • Deep learning
  • Mammography

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