On hardware aging for practical RIS-assisted communication systems

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In this letter, reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is studied from an electronic device reliability perspective. Runtimes and lifetimes of the RIS are introduced for the first time as impairment factors that degrade the system performance. In particular, Weibull distributions are used to model the runtime-related hardware aging (HA) effect on the RIS at first. Then, a practical RIS-assisted system model with phase-dependent amplitude variations, residual hardware impairments, and HA effects, is obtained. Besides, closed-form expressions of the received signal power and spectral efficiency for the proposed system are also derived. Analytical and numerical evaluations reveal that the HA effect on the RIS is the major impairment factor when the runtime is beyond the lifetime of the RIS.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12714
JournalElectronics Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Weibull distribution
  • device reliability
  • reconfigurable intelligent surface


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