Parenting confidence and social support as predictors of coping strategies in parents of children newly diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder: A cross-sectional study

Shaofei Liu, Tao Deng, Miaoying Chen, Yan Ji, Yushen Dai, Tao Zhang, Lifeng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The aims of the study were to describe coping strategies in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder at the early stage of diagnosis and to examine the predictive effects of parenting confidence and social support on coping strategies. Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Methods: A convenience sample of 193 parents of children newly diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder in Guangzhou, China, were included from October 2020 to January 2021. The Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Parenting Sense of Competence Scale and Social Support Rating Scale were employed for data collection. Multiple hierarchical regression analyses examined the relationship between coping strategies and the independent variables. Results: The mean positive coping strategies score was higher than the negative coping strategies score. Parenting efficacy, subjective support and support utilization predicted positive coping strategies, and parenting satisfaction was a protective factor against negative coping strategies. Conclusion: Parents tend to engage in positive coping at the early stage of diagnosis. Improving parenting confidence and social support might help parents adopt positive coping strategies and prevent negative coping. Impact: More effective and long-term support for families of children with autism spectrum disorder is expected. Interventions should be focused on enhancing parenting satisfaction and efficacy to employ positive coping strategies and decrease negative coping. Reporting Method: We adhered to EQUATOR guidelines and reported results based on STROBE guidelines. Patient or Public Contribution: No patient or public involvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3946-3955
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume79
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorder
  • coping strategies
  • paediatric nursing
  • parenting confidence
  • parents
  • social support

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