Point Cloud Plane Segmentation-Based Robust Image Matching for Camera Pose Estimation

Junqi Bao, Xiaochen Yuan, Guoheng Huang, Chan Tong Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The mainstream image matching method for recovering the motion of the camera is based on local feature matching, which faces the challenges of rotation, illumination, and the presence of dynamic objects. In addition, local feature matching relies on the distance between descriptors, which easily leads to lots of mismatches. In this paper, we propose a new robust image matching method for camera pose estimation, called IM_CPE. It is a novel descriptor matching method combined with 3-D point clouds for image matching. Specifically, we propose to extract feature points based on a pair of matched point cloud planes, which are generated and segmented based on depth images. Then, the feature points are matched based on the distance between their corresponding 3-D points on the point cloud planes and the distance between their descriptors. Moreover, the robustness of the matching can be guaranteed by the centroid distance of the matched point cloud planes. We evaluate the performance of IM_CPE using four well-known key point extraction algorithms, namely Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT), Speed Up Robust Feature (SURF), Features from Accelerated Segment Test (FAST), and Oriented FAST and Rotated Brief (ORB), with four sequences from the TUM RGBD dataset. According to the experimental results, compared to the original SIFT, SURF, FAST, and ORB algorithms, the NN_mAP performance of the four key point algorithms has been improved by 11.25%, 13.98%, 16.63%, and 10.53% on average, respectively, and the M.Score has also been improved by 25.15%, 23.05%, 22.28%, and 11.05% on average, respectively. The results show that the IM_CPE can be combined with the existing key points extraction algorithms and the IM_CPE can significantly improve the performance of these key points algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number497
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • camera pose estimation
  • image matching
  • image segmentation
  • key points extraction
  • point cloud

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