In this paper, we consider a multiple reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted system using positioning information (PI) to explore the potential of Doppler effect mitigation and spectral efficiency (SE) enhancement in high-speed communications (HSC) in the presence of hardware impairments (HWI). In particular, we first present a general multi-RIS-assisted system model for HSC with HWI. Then, based on PI, different phase shift optimization strategies are designed and compared for maximizing SE, eliminating Doppler spread, and maintaining a very low delay spread. Moreover, we compare the performance of different numbers of RISs with HWI in terms of SE and delay spread. Finally, we extend our channel model from line-of-sight to the Rician channel to demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of our proposed scheme. Numerical results reveal that the HWI of RISs increases the delay spread, but has no impact on Doppler shift and spread. Additionally, the multiple RIS system not only suffers a more severe delay spread, but is limited in SE due to the HWI. When the number of RISs increases from 2 to 16, the range of average spectral efficiency and delay spread are from 4 to 4.6 Bit/s/Hz and from 0.7 μs to 2.5 μs, respectively. In contrast to conventional RIS-assisted systems that require channel estimation, the proposed PI-based RIS system offers simplicity without compromising effectiveness and robustness in both SE enhancement and Doppler mitigation.
- Doppler effect
- hardware impairments
- high-speed communications
- multiple reconfigurable intelligent surfaces
- spectral efficiency