The accurate nonlinear model for predicting the tissue/blood partition coefficients (PC) of organic compounds in different tissues was firstly developed based on least-squares support vector machines (LS-SVM), as a novel machine learning technique, by using the compounds' molecular descriptors calculated from the structure alone and the composition features of tissues. The heuristic method (HM) was used to select the appropriate molecular descriptors and build the linear model. The prediction result of the LS-SVM model is much better than that obtained by HM method and the prediction values of tissue/blood partition coefficients based on the LS-SVM model are in good agreement with the experimental values, which proved that nonlinear model can simulate the relationship between the structural descriptors, the tissue composition and the tissue/blood partition coefficients more accurately as well as LS-SVM was a powerful and promising tool in the prediction of the tissue/ blood partition behaviour of compounds. Furthermore, this paper provided a new and effective method for predicting the tissue/blood partition behaviour of the compounds in the different tissues from their structures and gave some insight into structural features related to the partition process of the organic compounds in different tissues.
- Heuristic method
- Least-squares support vector machines (LS-SVM)
- Tissue/blood partition coefficients