Protective effect of oral contraceptive against Helicobacter pylori infection in US adult females: NHANES 1999-2000

P. Fong, Q. T. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, the antibacterial properties of oestrogen and progestogen were discovered. The aim of this study was to find the cross-sectional association between oral contraceptive use and Helicobacter pylori seroprevalence. Data were obtained from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The H. pylori immunoglobulin G (IgG) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to categorise participants as seropositive or seronegative. The study population included 799 female participants who had information on H. pylori seroprevalence and all other covariates and had not been taking any medications (except oral contraceptives). The bivariate Rao-Scott chi-square test indicated a significant association between H. pylori seroprevalence and contraceptive use (P < 0.01). The variables of race, education, poverty income ratio, smoking, and blood lead and cadmium levels were also significantly associated with H. pylori seroprevalence (P < 0.01). Multiple logistic regression analysis of the age-adjusted model revealed that contraceptive users are 65% less likely of being H. pylori seropositive as compared to non-contraceptive users (odds ratio (OR): 0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.18-0.68). This association is stronger with the final multivariate model (OR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.23-0.89). Conclusions: This finding reveals the potential protective effect of oral contraceptives against H. pylori infection and serves as a foundation study for further investigations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere120
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Publication statusPublished - 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Protective effect of oral contraceptive against Helicobacter pylori infection in US adult females: NHANES 1999-2000'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this