Renal Cancer Detection: Fusing Deep and Texture Features from Histopathology Images

Jianxiu Cai, Manting Liu, Qi Zhang, Ziqi Shao, Jingwen Zhou, Yongjian Guo, Juan Liu, Xiaobin Wang, Bob Zhang, Xi Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Histopathological images contain morphological markers of disease progression that have diagnostic and predictive values, with many computer-aided diagnosis systems using common deep learning methods that have been proposed to save time and labour. Even though deep learning methods are an end-to-end method, they perform exceptionally well given a large dataset and often show relatively inferior results for a small dataset. In contrast, traditional feature extraction methods have greater robustness and perform well with a small/medium dataset. Moreover, a texture representation-based global approach is commonly used to classify histological tissue images expect in explicit segmentation to extract the structure properties. Considering the scarcity of medical datasets and the usefulness of texture representation, we would like to integrate both the advantages of deep learning and traditional machine learning, i.e., texture representation. To accomplish this task, we proposed a classification model to detect renal cancer using a histopathology dataset by fusing the features from a deep learning model with the extracted texture feature descriptors. Here, five texture feature descriptors from three texture feature families were applied to complement Alex-Net for the extensive validation of the fusion between the deep features and texture features. The texture features are from (1) statistic feature family: histogram of gradient, gray-level cooccurrence matrix, and local binary pattern; (2) transform-based texture feature family: Gabor filters; and (3) model-based texture feature family: Markov random field. The final experimental results for classification outperformed both Alex-Net and a singular texture descriptor, showing the effectiveness of combining the deep features and texture features in renal cancer detection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9821773
JournalBioMed Research International
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


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