Synthesis, biological activities, and quantitative structure-Activity relationship (QSAR) Study of novel camptothecin analogues

Dan Wu, Shao Yong Zhang, Ying Qian Liu, Xiao Bing Wu, Gao Xiang Zhu, Yan Zhang, Wei Wei, Huan Xiang Liu, An Liang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In continuation of our program aimed at the development of natural product-based pesticidal agents, three series of novel camptothecin derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their biological activities against T. Cinnabarinus, B. brassicae, and B. xylophilus. All of the derivatives showed good-To-excellent activity against three insect species tested, with LC50 values ranging from 0.00761 to 0.35496 mmol/L. Remarkably, all of the compounds were more potent than CPT against T. Cinnabarinus, and compounds 4d and 4c displayed superior activity (LC50 0.00761 mmol/L and 0.00942 mmol/L, respectively) compared with CPT (LC50 0.19719 mmol/L) against T. Cinnabarinus. Based on the observed bioactivities, preliminary structure activity relationship (SAR) correlations were also discussed. Furthermore, a three-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) model using comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) was built. The model gave statistically significant results with the cross-validated q2 values of 0.580 and correlation coefficient r2 of 0.991 and 2 pred r of 0.993. The QSAR analysis indicated that the size of the substituents play an important in the activity of 7-modified camptothecin derivatives. These findings will pave the way for further design, structural optimization, and development of camptothecin-derived compounds as pesticidal agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8634-8653
Number of pages20
JournalMolecules
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biological activity
  • Camptothecin
  • CoMFA
  • SAR analysis
  • Synthesis

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