The effect of electrode thickness and electrode/electrolyte interface on the capacitive deionization behavior of the Ti3C2Tx MXene electrodes

Wen Xi, Youfang Zhang, Rui Wang, Yansheng Gong, Beibei He, Huanwen Wang, Jingjing Guo, Fangfang Jiao, Jun Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

2D MXene sheets have been regarded as promising capacitive deionization (CDI) electrodes owing to their high conductivity, hydrophilic surface, excellent adsorption capacity, and reversible intercalation of metal cations. The 2D structure characteristic enables MXene sheets to provide massive spaces to catch Na+ and Cl- ions during the CDI process. In this work, the CDI behavior of Ti3C2Tx MXene has been comprehensively investigated by constructing a symmetrical device. The effect of electrode thickness and electrode/electrolyte on the CDI behavior of the Ti3C2Tx MXene electrodes is deeply investigated. The thin electrode could facilitate the electrolyte (NaCl solution) penetration in the electrode, provide more electrode/electrolyte interface contact, and shorten the ion diffusion pathway from the electrolyte to the internal electrode, leading to faster ion diffusion and better desalination capacity. The optimized MXene‖MXene CDI device with an electrode thickness of 18.41 µm exhibits a high salt removal capacity of 100.9 mg g−1 in NaCl solution at 1.2 V.

Original languageEnglish
Article number169701
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume947
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • 2D sheets
  • Capacitive deionization
  • Desalination mechanism
  • Electrode/electrolyte interface
  • MXene

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of electrode thickness and electrode/electrolyte interface on the capacitive deionization behavior of the Ti3C2Tx MXene electrodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this