Turbo frequency domain equalization for single-carrier broadband wireless systems

Benjamin Ng, Chan Tong Lam, David Falconer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a new class of equalization and channel estimation techniques, using the turbo frequency domain equalization (TFDE), is presented as a promising low-complexity detection method for single-carrier broadband wireless transmissions. Serial modulation (SM), being a direct counterpart of the well-known OFDM modulation, is receiving considerable attention recently, owing to the fact that it delivers comparable performance as OFDM while avoiding the problem of high peak-to-average power ratio. When frequency domain equalization (FDE) is applied, the complexity requirement is low and it becomes feasible to employ iterative processing which relies on decision feedback. This paper considers the turbo principle applied jointly to FDE, channel decoding and channel estimation. The result of this work is a set of effective iterative algorithms which may bring about 2-3dB improvement over the linear FDE method. Furthermore, it is shown that they can provide performance comparable to the time-domain turbo equalization methods but with lower complexity. We then reach the conclusion that SM-based transmission with TFDE is a suitable technology for next generation wireless systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-767
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Broadband wireless systems
  • Channel estimation
  • Single-carrier
  • Turbo frequency domain equalization


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