Uncovering the Molecular Basis for the Better Gefitinib Sensitivity of EGFR with Complex Mutations over Single Rare Mutation: Insights from Molecular Simulations

Miaomiao Li, Mengrong Li, Yanjie Xie, Jingjing Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an intensively focused target for anti-tumor compounds used in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) therapy. Compared to the classical activating mutations, there are still many uncommon EGFR mutations associated with poorer responses to EGFR inhibitors. A detailed understanding of the molecular basis for multiple EGFR mutants exhibiting diverse responses to inhibitors is of critical importance for related drug development. Herein, we explored the molecular determinants contributing to the distinct responses of EGFR with a single rare mutation (G719S) or combined mutations (G719S/L858R and G719S/l861Q) to Gefitinib (IRE). Our results indicated that interactions, formed within the tetrad of residues S768 (in the αC-helix), D770 (in the αC-β4 loop), Y827 (in the αE-helix), and R831 (in the catalytic loop), play an important role in the stability of αC-helix and the maintenance of K745–E762 salt bridge in the absence of IRE, which are weakened in the EGFRG719S system and enhanced in the EGFRG719S/L858R system upon IRE binding. Besides, the introduced hydrogen bonds by the co-occurring mutation partner also contribute to the stability of αC-helix. The work done for inhibitor dissociation suggests that IRE exhibits a stronger binding affinity to EGFRG719S/L858R mutant. Together, these findings provide a deeper understanding of minor mutations, which is essential for drug development targeting EGFR with less common mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3844
JournalMolecules
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • EGFR complex mutations
  • EGFR rare mutants
  • Gefitinib (IRE)
  • molecular dynamics simulation
  • steered molecular dynamics simulation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Uncovering the Molecular Basis for the Better Gefitinib Sensitivity of EGFR with Complex Mutations over Single Rare Mutation: Insights from Molecular Simulations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this