Understanding growth mindset, self-regulated vocabulary learning, and vocabulary knowledge

Mark Feng Teng, Atsushi Mizumoto, Osamu Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Vocabulary acquisition is a crucial element in achieving second language proficiency. This study focuses on learners as active participants in vocabulary learning, exploring the relationships among growth mindset, self-regulated vocabulary learning, and vocabulary knowledge. We collected data from a sample of 259 Chinese university students. These participants completed questionnaires to measure their beliefs in growth mindset regarding vocabulary learning (GMSVL) and their self-regulated capacity in vocabulary learning (SRCvoc). We also assessed their vocabulary knowledge through Vocabulary Size Test (VST) for breadth and a test on collocation for depth. Using structural equation modeling (SEM), we found that GMSVL had a positive predictive relationship with SRCvoc, which in turn positively predicted vocabulary knowledge. The results indicate that having a growth mindset in vocabulary learning can lead to improved self-regulation in the learning process, thus enhancing vocabulary acquisition. Our findings integrate the concept of growth mindset into the framework of self-regulated vocabulary learning and offer practical insights for promoting adaptive learning beliefs. The implications of these findings for both research and practical applications in vocabulary development are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103255
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • Growth mindset
  • Self-regulation
  • Vocabulary acquisition
  • Vocabulary knowledge


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