Understanding the Allosteric Modulation of PTH1R by a Negative Allosteric Modulator

Mengrong Li, Yiqiong Bao, Ran Xu, Miaomiao Li, Lili Xi, Jingjing Guo

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The parathyroid hormone type 1 receptor (PTH1R) acts as a canonical class B G protein-coupled receptor, regulating crucial functions including calcium homeostasis and bone formation. The identification and development of PTH1R non-peptide allosteric modulators have obtained widespread attention. It has been found that a negative allosteric modulator (NAM) could inhibit the activation of PTH1R, but the implied mechanism remains unclear. Herein, extensive molecular dynamics simulations together with multiple analytical approaches are utilized to unravel the mechanism of PTH1R allosteric inhibition. The results suggest that the binding of NAM destabilizes the structure of the PTH1R–PTH–spep/qpep (the C terminus of Gs/Gq proteins) complexes. Moreover, the presence of NAM weakens the binding of PTH/peps (spep and qpep) and PTH1R. The intra- and inter-molecular couplings are also weakened in PTH1R upon NAM binding. Interestingly, compared with our previous study of the positive allosteric effects induced by extracellular Ca2+, the enhanced correlation between the PTH and G-protein binding sites is significantly reduced by the replacement of this negative allosteric regulator. Our findings might contribute to the development of new therapeutic agents for diseases caused by the abnormal activation of PTH1R.

Original languageEnglish
Article number41
JournalCells
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • allosteric regulation
  • class B GPCR
  • molecular dynamics simulation
  • negative allosteric modulator
  • parathyroid hormone type 1 receptor

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