Unraveling the Interplay of Extracellular Domain Conformational Changes and Parathyroid Hormone Type 1 Receptor Activation in Class B1 G Protein-Coupled Receptors: Integrating Enhanced Sampling Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Markov State Models

Mengrong Li, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Shu Li, Jingjing Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) type 1 receptor (PTH1R), as a typical class B1 G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), is responsible for regulating bone turnover and maintaining calcium homeostasis, and its dysregulation has been implicated in the development of several diseases. The extracellular domain (ECD) of PTH1R is crucial for the recognition and binding of ligands, and the receptor may exhibit an autoinhibited state with the closure of the ECD in the absence of ligands. However, the correlation between ECD conformations and PTH1R activation remains unclear. Thus, this study combines enhanced sampling molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and Markov state models (MSMs) to reveal the possible relevance between the ECD conformations and the activation of PTH1R. First, 22 intermediate structures are generated from the autoinhibited state to the active state and conducted for 10 independent 200 ns simulations each. Then, the MSM is constructed based on the cumulative 44 μs simulations with six identified microstates. Finally, the potential interplay between ECD conformational changes and PTH1R activation as well as cryptic allosteric pockets in the intermediate states during receptor activation is revealed. Overall, our findings reveal that the activation of PTH1R has a specific correlation with ECD conformational changes and provide essential insights for GPCR biology and developing novel allosteric modulators targeting cryptic sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-853
Number of pages10
JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • G protein-coupled receptor
  • Markov state models
  • extracellular domain
  • molecular dynamics simulation
  • parathyroid hormone type 1 receptor

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