Cardiovascular disease (CVD) stands as a prominent contributor to human mortality. Electrocardiogram (ECG) represents a widely adopted noninvasive method employed by clinicians to detect and diagnose CVDs. Nonetheless, conventional ECG-based detection approaches for cardiac disorders tend to be time-consuming and inefficient, necessitating the need for more effective solutions. Recent studies have highlighted the effectiveness of the echo state network (ESN) in detecting abnormal ECG patterns. However, traditional ESN models often face challenges such as unstable training and convergence difficulties due to variations in the range of reservoir state values. To address this issue, this study introduces a novel approach called the normalized echo state network (NESN). The NESN method normalizes the states of all neurons within the reservoir before applying the nonlinear activation function. In our study, we conducted performance evaluations of the proposed model using the MIT-BIH arrhythmia database. We performed a synergistical analysis to investigate the impact of reservoir parameters on the network performance. The experimental results demonstrated promising outcomes, with an accuracy of 99.1% and an F1-score of 96.4%. Specifically, for detecting abnormal ECG patterns, our model achieved a sensitivity of 90.2%, a positive predictive value of 96.6%, and a specificity of 99.8%. These results highlight the superior performance of our classifier compared to most traditional mainstream heartbeat detection methods and ring topology ESN model.
|International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology
|Published - Jan 2024
- abnormal ECG patterns
- normalized echo state network
- reservoir parameters