VL-Meta: Vision-Language Models for Multimodal Meta-Learning

Han Ma, Baoyu Fan, Benjamin K. Ng, Chan Tong Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multimodal learning is a promising area in artificial intelligence (AI) that can make the model understand different kinds of data. Existing works are trying to re-train a new model based on pre-trained models that requires much data, computation power, and time. However, it is difficult to achieve in low-resource or small-sample situations. Therefore, we propose VL-Meta, Vision Language Models for Multimodal Meta Learning. It (1) presents the vision-language mapper and multimodal fusion mapper, which are light model structures, to use the existing pre-trained models to make models understand images to language feature space and save training data, computation power, and time; (2) constructs the meta-task pool that can only use a small amount of data to construct enough training data and improve the generalization of the model to learn the data knowledge and task knowledge; (3) proposes the token-level training that can align inputs with the outputs during training to improve the model performance; and (4) adopts the multi-task fusion loss to learn the different abilities for the models. It achieves a good performance on the Visual Question Answering (VQA) task, which shows the feasibility and effectiveness of the model. This solution can help blind or visually impaired individuals obtain visual information.

Original languageEnglish
Article number286
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • meta-learning
  • multimodal learning
  • token-level training
  • vision-language models
  • visual question answering


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