What we need to know about student writers' grammar learning and correction

Chian Wen Kao, Barry Lee Reynolds, Mark Feng Teng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The question of whether grammar learning and correction is effective for second language writing development depends on students' needs and tendency to study grammar. While the extent of the influence of grammar learning, grammar correction, and learner beliefs on second language writing for English as a second language settings and learners has been heavily debated, little of the research has considered the backgrounds and beliefs of English as a foreign language (EFL) learners. To explore factors that have influenced EFL students' writing, the current study investigated beliefs regarding grammar learning and correction of 306 EFL students studying at universities of science and technology. An exploratory factor analysis was performed on questionnaire data gathered from the Taiwanese EFL student writers. The analysis uncovered four significant factors including (1) emphasis on the connection between grammar learning and writing, (2) positive attitude towards analyses of grammar rules, (3) positive attitude towards written correction, and (4) negative attitude towards oral correction. Qualitative data gathered through ten open-ended questions further indicated that EFL student writers welcomed teachers' written correction of grammar errors especially when grammar correction was received for writing produced during writing tasks tailored to students' future work-related needs. Pedagogical implications and future materials development for university of science and technology EFL student writers were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-199
Number of pages25
JournalApplied Linguistics Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • EFL learner beliefs
  • exploratory factor analysis
  • grammar correction
  • grammar learning
  • second language writing


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