Multi-modal trained artificial intelligence solution to triage chest X-ray for COVID-19 using pristine ground-truth, versus radiologists

Tao Tan, Bipul Das, Ravi Soni, Mate Fejes, Hongxu Yang, Sohan Ranjan, Daniel Attila Szabo, Vikram Melapudi, K. S. Shriram, Utkarsh Agrawal, Laszlo Rusko, Zita Herczeg, Barbara Darazs, Pal Tegzes, Lehel Ferenczi, Rakesh Mullick, Gopal Avinash

研究成果: Article同行評審

13 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The front-line imaging modalities computed tomography (CT) and X-ray play important roles for triaging COVID patients. Thoracic CT has been accepted to have higher sensitivity than a chest X-ray for COVID diagnosis. Considering the limited access to resources (both hardware and trained personnel) and issues related to decontamination, CT may not be ideal for triaging suspected subjects. Artificial intelligence (AI) assisted X-ray based application for triaging and monitoring require experienced radiologists to identify COVID patients in a timely manner with the additional ability to delineate and quantify the disease region is seen as a promising solution for widespread clinical use. Our proposed solution differs from existing solutions presented by industry and academic communities. We demonstrate a functional AI model to triage by classifying and segmenting a single chest X-ray image, while the AI model is trained using both X-ray and CT data. We report on how such a multi-modal training process improves the solution compared to single modality (X-ray only) training. The multi-modal solution increases the AUC (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve) from 0.89 to 0.93 for a binary classification between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 cases. It also positively impacts the Dice coefficient (0.59 to 0.62) for localizing the COVID-19 pathology. To compare the performance of experienced readers to the AI model, a reader study is also conducted. The AI model showed good consistency with respect to radiologists. The DICE score between two radiologists on the COVID group was 0.53 while the AI had a DICE value of 0.52 and 0.55 when compared to the segmentation done by the two radiologists separately. From a classification perspective, the AUCs of two readers was 0.87 and 0.81 while the AUC of the AI is 0.93 based on the reader study dataset. We also conducted a generalization study by comparing our method to the-state-art methods on independent datasets. The results show better performance from the proposed method. Leveraging multi-modal information for the development benefits the single-modal inferencing.

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出版狀態Published - 7 5月 2022


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